root/lib/lua/ltablib.c

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DEFINITIONS

This source file includes following definitions.
  1. foreachi
  2. foreach
  3. maxn
  4. getn
  5. setn
  6. tinsert
  7. tremove
  8. addfield
  9. tconcat
  10. set2
  11. sort_comp
  12. auxsort
  13. sort
  14. luaopen_table

   1 /*
   2 ** $Id: ltablib.c,v 1.38.1.3 2008/02/14 16:46:58 roberto Exp $
   3 ** Library for Table Manipulation
   4 ** See Copyright Notice in lua.h
   5 */
   6 
   7 
   8 #include <stddef.h>
   9 
  10 #define ltablib_c
  11 #define LUA_LIB
  12 
  13 #include "lua.h"
  14 
  15 #include "lauxlib.h"
  16 #include "lualib.h"
  17 
  18 
  19 #define aux_getn(L,n)   (luaL_checktype(L, n, LUA_TTABLE), luaL_getn(L, n))
  20 
  21 
  22 static int foreachi (lua_State *L) {
  23   int i;
  24   int n = aux_getn(L, 1);
  25   luaL_checktype(L, 2, LUA_TFUNCTION);
  26   for (i=1; i <= n; i++) {
  27     lua_pushvalue(L, 2);  /* function */
  28     lua_pushinteger(L, i);  /* 1st argument */
  29     lua_rawgeti(L, 1, i);  /* 2nd argument */
  30     lua_call(L, 2, 1);
  31     if (!lua_isnil(L, -1))
  32       return 1;
  33     lua_pop(L, 1);  /* remove nil result */
  34   }
  35   return 0;
  36 }
  37 
  38 
  39 static int foreach (lua_State *L) {
  40   luaL_checktype(L, 1, LUA_TTABLE);
  41   luaL_checktype(L, 2, LUA_TFUNCTION);
  42   lua_pushnil(L);  /* first key */
  43   while (lua_next(L, 1)) {
  44     lua_pushvalue(L, 2);  /* function */
  45     lua_pushvalue(L, -3);  /* key */
  46     lua_pushvalue(L, -3);  /* value */
  47     lua_call(L, 2, 1);
  48     if (!lua_isnil(L, -1))
  49       return 1;
  50     lua_pop(L, 2);  /* remove value and result */
  51   }
  52   return 0;
  53 }
  54 
  55 
  56 static int maxn (lua_State *L) {
  57   lua_Number max = 0;
  58   luaL_checktype(L, 1, LUA_TTABLE);
  59   lua_pushnil(L);  /* first key */
  60   while (lua_next(L, 1)) {
  61     lua_pop(L, 1);  /* remove value */
  62     if (lua_type(L, -1) == LUA_TNUMBER) {
  63       lua_Number v = lua_tonumber(L, -1);
  64       if (v > max) max = v;
  65     }
  66   }
  67   lua_pushnumber(L, max);
  68   return 1;
  69 }
  70 
  71 
  72 static int getn (lua_State *L) {
  73   lua_pushinteger(L, aux_getn(L, 1));
  74   return 1;
  75 }
  76 
  77 
  78 static int setn (lua_State *L) {
  79   luaL_checktype(L, 1, LUA_TTABLE);
  80 #ifndef luaL_setn
  81   luaL_setn(L, 1, luaL_checkint(L, 2));
  82 #else
  83   luaL_error(L, LUA_QL("setn") " is obsolete");
  84 #endif
  85   lua_pushvalue(L, 1);
  86   return 1;
  87 }
  88 
  89 
  90 static int tinsert (lua_State *L) {
  91   int e = aux_getn(L, 1) + 1;  /* first empty element */
  92   int pos;  /* where to insert new element */
  93   switch (lua_gettop(L)) {
  94     case 2: {  /* called with only 2 arguments */
  95       pos = e;  /* insert new element at the end */
  96       break;
  97     }
  98     case 3: {
  99       int i;
 100       pos = luaL_checkint(L, 2);  /* 2nd argument is the position */
 101       if (pos > e) e = pos;  /* `grow' array if necessary */
 102       for (i = e; i > pos; i--) {  /* move up elements */
 103         lua_rawgeti(L, 1, i-1);
 104         lua_rawseti(L, 1, i);  /* t[i] = t[i-1] */
 105       }
 106       break;
 107     }
 108     default: {
 109       return luaL_error(L, "wrong number of arguments to " LUA_QL("insert"));
 110     }
 111   }
 112   luaL_setn(L, 1, e);  /* new size */
 113   lua_rawseti(L, 1, pos);  /* t[pos] = v */
 114   return 0;
 115 }
 116 
 117 
 118 static int tremove (lua_State *L) {
 119   int e = aux_getn(L, 1);
 120   int pos = luaL_optint(L, 2, e);
 121   if (!(1 <= pos && pos <= e))  /* position is outside bounds? */
 122    return 0;  /* nothing to remove */
 123   luaL_setn(L, 1, e - 1);  /* t.n = n-1 */
 124   lua_rawgeti(L, 1, pos);  /* result = t[pos] */
 125   for ( ;pos<e; pos++) {
 126     lua_rawgeti(L, 1, pos+1);
 127     lua_rawseti(L, 1, pos);  /* t[pos] = t[pos+1] */
 128   }
 129   lua_pushnil(L);
 130   lua_rawseti(L, 1, e);  /* t[e] = nil */
 131   return 1;
 132 }
 133 
 134 
 135 static void addfield (lua_State *L, luaL_Buffer *b, int i) {
 136   lua_rawgeti(L, 1, i);
 137   if (!lua_isstring(L, -1))
 138     luaL_error(L, "invalid value (%s) at index %d in table for "
 139                   LUA_QL("concat"), luaL_typename(L, -1), i);
 140     luaL_addvalue(b);
 141 }
 142 
 143 
 144 static int tconcat (lua_State *L) {
 145   luaL_Buffer b;
 146   size_t lsep;
 147   int i, last;
 148   const char *sep = luaL_optlstring(L, 2, "", &lsep);
 149   luaL_checktype(L, 1, LUA_TTABLE);
 150   i = luaL_optint(L, 3, 1);
 151   last = luaL_opt(L, luaL_checkint, 4, luaL_getn(L, 1));
 152   luaL_buffinit(L, &b);
 153   for (; i < last; i++) {
 154     addfield(L, &b, i);
 155     luaL_addlstring(&b, sep, lsep);
 156   }
 157   if (i == last)  /* add last value (if interval was not empty) */
 158     addfield(L, &b, i);
 159   luaL_pushresult(&b);
 160   return 1;
 161 }
 162 
 163 
 164 
 165 /*
 166 ** {======================================================
 167 ** Quicksort
 168 ** (based on `Algorithms in MODULA-3', Robert Sedgewick;
 169 **  Addison-Wesley, 1993.)
 170 */
 171 
 172 
 173 static void set2 (lua_State *L, int i, int j) {
 174   lua_rawseti(L, 1, i);
 175   lua_rawseti(L, 1, j);
 176 }
 177 
 178 static int sort_comp (lua_State *L, int a, int b) {
 179   if (!lua_isnil(L, 2)) {  /* function? */
 180     int res;
 181     lua_pushvalue(L, 2);
 182     lua_pushvalue(L, a-1);  /* -1 to compensate function */
 183     lua_pushvalue(L, b-2);  /* -2 to compensate function and `a' */
 184     lua_call(L, 2, 1);
 185     res = lua_toboolean(L, -1);
 186     lua_pop(L, 1);
 187     return res;
 188   }
 189   else  /* a < b? */
 190     return lua_lessthan(L, a, b);
 191 }
 192 
 193 static void auxsort (lua_State *L, int l, int u) {
 194   while (l < u) {  /* for tail recursion */
 195     int i, j;
 196     /* sort elements a[l], a[(l+u)/2] and a[u] */
 197     lua_rawgeti(L, 1, l);
 198     lua_rawgeti(L, 1, u);
 199     if (sort_comp(L, -1, -2))  /* a[u] < a[l]? */
 200       set2(L, l, u);  /* swap a[l] - a[u] */
 201     else
 202       lua_pop(L, 2);
 203     if (u-l == 1) break;  /* only 2 elements */
 204     i = (l+u)/2;
 205     lua_rawgeti(L, 1, i);
 206     lua_rawgeti(L, 1, l);
 207     if (sort_comp(L, -2, -1))  /* a[i]<a[l]? */
 208       set2(L, i, l);
 209     else {
 210       lua_pop(L, 1);  /* remove a[l] */
 211       lua_rawgeti(L, 1, u);
 212       if (sort_comp(L, -1, -2))  /* a[u]<a[i]? */
 213         set2(L, i, u);
 214       else
 215         lua_pop(L, 2);
 216     }
 217     if (u-l == 2) break;  /* only 3 elements */
 218     lua_rawgeti(L, 1, i);  /* Pivot */
 219     lua_pushvalue(L, -1);
 220     lua_rawgeti(L, 1, u-1);
 221     set2(L, i, u-1);
 222     /* a[l] <= P == a[u-1] <= a[u], only need to sort from l+1 to u-2 */
 223     i = l; j = u-1;
 224     for (;;) {  /* invariant: a[l..i] <= P <= a[j..u] */
 225       /* repeat ++i until a[i] >= P */
 226       while (lua_rawgeti(L, 1, ++i), sort_comp(L, -1, -2)) {
 227         if (i>u) luaL_error(L, "invalid order function for sorting");
 228         lua_pop(L, 1);  /* remove a[i] */
 229       }
 230       /* repeat --j until a[j] <= P */
 231       while (lua_rawgeti(L, 1, --j), sort_comp(L, -3, -1)) {
 232         if (j<l) luaL_error(L, "invalid order function for sorting");
 233         lua_pop(L, 1);  /* remove a[j] */
 234       }
 235       if (j<i) {
 236         lua_pop(L, 3);  /* pop pivot, a[i], a[j] */
 237         break;
 238       }
 239       set2(L, i, j);
 240     }
 241     lua_rawgeti(L, 1, u-1);
 242     lua_rawgeti(L, 1, i);
 243     set2(L, u-1, i);  /* swap pivot (a[u-1]) with a[i] */
 244     /* a[l..i-1] <= a[i] == P <= a[i+1..u] */
 245     /* adjust so that smaller half is in [j..i] and larger one in [l..u] */
 246     if (i-l < u-i) {
 247       j=l; i=i-1; l=i+2;
 248     }
 249     else {
 250       j=i+1; i=u; u=j-2;
 251     }
 252     auxsort(L, j, i);  /* call recursively the smaller one */
 253   }  /* repeat the routine for the larger one */
 254 }
 255 
 256 static int sort (lua_State *L) {
 257   int n = aux_getn(L, 1);
 258   luaL_checkstack(L, 40, "");  /* assume array is smaller than 2^40 */
 259   if (!lua_isnoneornil(L, 2))  /* is there a 2nd argument? */
 260     luaL_checktype(L, 2, LUA_TFUNCTION);
 261   lua_settop(L, 2);  /* make sure there is two arguments */
 262   auxsort(L, 1, n);
 263   return 0;
 264 }
 265 
 266 /* }====================================================== */
 267 
 268 
 269 static const luaL_Reg tab_funcs[] = {
 270   {"concat", tconcat},
 271   {"foreach", foreach},
 272   {"foreachi", foreachi},
 273   {"getn", getn},
 274   {"maxn", maxn},
 275   {"insert", tinsert},
 276   {"remove", tremove},
 277   {"setn", setn},
 278   {"sort", sort},
 279   {NULL, NULL}
 280 };
 281 
 282 
 283 LUALIB_API int luaopen_table (lua_State *L) {
 284   luaL_register(L, LUA_TABLIBNAME, tab_funcs);
 285   return 1;
 286 }
 287 

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